turtle Ethnoscience, Inc.




The strength of Ethnoscience is its personnel. At present, Ethnoscience has a staff of twelve full-time employees capable of fulfilling the majority of cultural resource tasks required. On staff are five MA-level archaeologists, two BA-level archaeologists, and one MA-level historian. Each of the supervisors meets or exceeds the professional qualifications required by the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards and Guidelines for Archaeology and Historic Preservation and the Qualification Standards of 32 CFR Part 7.8. Additionally, we have a GIS specialist and three support staff members including a project manager, an editor, and an administrative assistant/bookkeeper.

Lynelle Peterson
Principal Investigator/Owner (MA Anthropology)

Lynelle A. Peterson is the president/owner and senior archaeologist of Ethnoscience. She has over 25 years experience as a supervisor for cultural resource investigations. Her expertise is Northern Plains prehistory, historic archaeology (1820-1880), and stone ring archaeology. Ms. Peterson has worked throughout the Plains and has experience in both historic and prehistoric archaeology. She worked six years with the National Park Service, spending three years examining Fort Union in northwest North Dakota. From 1989-1991, she worked for the University of North Dakota where she conducted numerous projects in the state. In 1991, Ms. Peterson joined Ethnoscience, Inc. and bought the company in 2003. Ms. Peterson has supervised hundreds of survey, testing and mitigation projects. Her expertise includes archaeology of the Northwest Plains, stone feature sites, and historic archaeology of late nineteenth century Euro-American and Indian sites. Ms. Peterson has probably investigated more stone ring sites than any single individual in North Dakota or Montana. In addition to cultural resource inventories, testing and mitigation, Ms. Peterson has participated in the development of Cultural Resource Overviews, Environmental Impact Statements, Cultural Impact Assessments, FERC relicensing, Management Plans, as well as MOAs, MOUs, and PMOAs. Ms. Peterson maintains a good working relationship with the tribes of North Dakota and Montana and is an adopted member of the Flint Knife clan of the Hidatsa.

Blain Fandrich
Senior Historian (MA History, MLIS Library and Information Science)

Blain Fandrich is Senior Historian and Project Director for Ethnoscience, Inc.  Mr. Fandrich has over 30 years experience in cultural resource management work.  Field experience includes work in the Northwestern Plains cultural area of eastern Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming; the Northern Plateau cultural area of northwest Montana, northern Idaho and eastern Washington; and the Great Basin cultural area of southwest Montana, southern Idaho, and Utah.  He is skilled in all aspects of Section 106 and Section 4(f) compliance.  Mr. Fandrich has extensive experience in completing cultural resource documentation, evaluation, mitigation, and Native American consultation projects.  He has authored or contributed to numerous cultural resource reports, including environmental impact statements, cultural impact assessments, cultural resource inventories, site evaluations, site testing, site mitigations, district analyses, histories, ethnographies, Traditional Cultural Property studies, HABS/HAER documentation, and NRHP nominations.  Mr. Fandrich has participated in Native American consultation projects in Montana, Idaho, Washington, Wyoming, North Dakota, and South Dakota.  He has worked with elders and cultural representatives of the Arapaho, Arikara, Assiniboine, Blackfeet, Chippewa, Chippewa-Cree, Crow, Gros Ventre, Hidatsa, Kalispel, Kootenai, Mandan, Northern Cheyenne, Salish, Shoshone, and Sioux Tribes.

Jennifer Thomas
Senior Archaeologist (MA Anthropology)

Ms. Thomas has worked in cultural resource management since 1999. She has participated in and supervised numerous Class III pedestrian surveys for a variety of undertakings, including highway maintenance projects, fiber optic lines, coal exploration, cellular towers, and pipelines throughout Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming, New Mexico, Texas, and Missouri. Ms. Thomas has experience in archaeological testing for National Register evaluations and full scale mitigations. She has authored and co-authored numerous technical reports and ethno-historic overviews. She has worked alongside tribal representatives from the Three Affiliated Tribes and Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa of North Dakota; the Fort Belknap, Fort Peck, Crow, and Blackfeet Tribes of Montana; and the Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate Tribe of South Dakota. Ms. Thomas has documented and evaluated a variety of cultural resources, including archaeological stone features, cultural material scatters, multi-component villages, and historic properties.

Patrick Kuntz
Senior Archaeologist (MA Anthropology)

Mr. Kuntz has been doing archaeological fieldwork in Montana since 1990. He has been responsible for conducting, supervising, and reporting on a variety of Class III cultural resource inventories, including linear highway and buried cable surveys, as well as small and large block inventories in Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming, and eastern Washington. Mr. Kuntz has also been responsible for test excavation of sites, National Register evaluations, and mitigation excavation for prehistoric sites. He has conducted ethnographic research and Native American consultation with 15 different tribes for projects related to reservoir, railroad, coal mining, and highway construction. He has completed National Register of Historic Places nominations for historic and prehistoric properties. He has completed Class I Overviews for the Montana BLM Hi-Line and Central Montana Districts. Mr. Kuntz has documented and evaluated a wide array of cultural resources including prehistoric stone feature sites, buried multi-component campsites, historic mining district properties, historic homesteads, and Native American traditional cultural properties.

Scott Wagers
Archaeologist (BS Anthropology)

Mr. Wagers has been doing prehistoric and historic archaeology since 1992 and has worked on projects in Montana, Idaho, Washington, North Dakota, Minnesota, Illinois, Utah, California, and Ireland. He is skilled in archaeological fieldwork methods and laboratory analysis for both prehistoric and historic projects. He has coordinated numerous field crews on survey, testing and mitigation projects. He has extensive experience in historical and ethno-historical overviews, literature reviews, historical archival research, database management, historic and prehistoric site documenting and recording, and mitigating projects. He has authored, co-authored, or contributed to numerous technical reports and has published peer reviewed articles in the publications of the Society for Historical Archaeology (Historical Archaeology) and the Society for American Archaeology (Archaeological Record). He has presented papers at the conferences of the McLean County (IL.) Black History Project, the Ethnic Identities History Conference, the Afro-American Historical and Genealogical Society, the Society for Historical Archaeology, and the Montana Archaeological Society.

Christopher Tinti
Archaeologist (MA Anthropology)

Christopher J. Tinti is a staff archaeologist for Ethnoscience, Inc.  He has five years of experience in Cultural Resource Management conducting and supervising pedestrian surveys, recording archaeological sites, and intensive data recovery excavations in North Dakota, Montana, Wyoming, and Illinois.  His expertise is in human and non-human skeletal remains, preferential selection of skeletal elements, interpreting taphonomic processes, and analyzing prehistoric artifacts.  Mr. Tinti also has field and lab experience analyzing historic artifacts associated with military fortifications on the Northern Plains.

Douglas Davidson
Archaeologist (MA Archaeology)

Mr. Davidson has over seven years’ experience in historic and prehistoric archaeology conducting archaeological pedestrian surveys, recording and assessing archaeological sites, and excavating for data recovery in Montana, Wyoming, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Oregon. Mr. Davidson has supervised field crews on survey, monitoring, and mitigation projects. He has contributed to cultural resource studies, including historic overviews, ethnographic overviews, environmental impact statements, cultural resource inventories, site eligibility recommendations, form preparation, and project report writing.

Gabriel Kenton
GIS Specialist (GIS Certificate/BS Anthropology)

Mr. Kenton is a geographic information systems (GIS) Specialist and Archaeologist at Ethnoscience, Inc. He has six years of archaeology experience in over nine states. He has experience in all phases of archaeological fieldwork as a Field Technician. He has been in charge of GIS and drafting for Ethnoscience since 2012. His position responsibilities include the creation of maps for reports, preparation of global positioning system (GPS) units for field use, writing of ethnographic reports, Tower Construction Notification System (TCNS) consultation, and site file searches.

Support Staff

Olivia Umphrey
Editor (MA History)

Erin Willson
Adminsitrative Assistant/Bookkeeper