turtle Ethnoscience, Inc.




Ethnoscience is a leader in archaeological services. We are proficient in all aspects of cultural resource work, including research, survey, testing, mitigation and analysis. Ethnoscience has completed thousands of inventories, evaluated countless sites, and mitigated numerous prehistoric sites. Past projects include all phases of cultural work for a variety of undertakings, from large linear developments such as highways, pipelines, transmission lines and fiber optic cables, to small projects such as cell towers, well pads and gravel pits. Ethnoscience has also worked closely with many coal mine companies in North Dakota, Wyoming, and Montana to assist them with the Section 106 process. Ethnoscience is a pioneer in applied ethnology and Native American participation in cultural resource management, and continues to foster communication and understanding between the industry and tribes. Ethnoscience is also a pioneer in technological inovation, such as the use of drones to document stone feature sites. With experience in Montana, the Dakotas, Wyoming, Idaho, and Washington, Ethnoscience is ready to assist clients with all aspects of their archaeological needs.


Types of archaeological services we provide include:

• Class I overviews, including district landscape analysis, predictive modeling, and literature reviews

• Class II reconnaissance and Class III intensive inventories for all types of land-disturbing undertakings

• Phase II testing, site evaluation and mitigation research design

• Phase III mitigation of significant sites through data recovery, anaysis and interpretation

• National Register of Historic Places nominations

• Traditional Cultural Property documentation and consultation

•Contributions to Environmental Impact Statements and Environmental Justice reports

• Development of inter-agency agreement documents, such as Programmatic Agreements, Memoranda of Understanding, and Memoranda of Agreement